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Fethiye History and Archaeology


Fethiye History and Archaeology
Fethiye History and Archaeology Fethiye History and Archaeology Fethiye History and Archaeology Fethiye History and Archaeology

Lycia, called the land of lights in the Antique period, is located on the Teke peninsula between Fethiye and Antalya. Lycians, renowned for their special language, matriarchal life-style, rock monuments, tombs and addiction to freedom and independence, have been recorded in history as defenders of the Anatolian Union against Egyptians at Kadesh and against Akhas at Troy.

 

Fethiye was called Telmessos during the Lycian period. Written records state that the city was named after Telmessos, the son of God Apollon. From the 5th Century B.C., throughout its existence, it fell under the domination of the Persians, Romans and Byzanthians, it succeeded maintaining its original status.

 

The most splendid work of art from the Antique Telmessos, still standing in Fethiye, is the rock tomb constructed in the manner of an Ionian temple in honour of Amintas, son of Hermapias, in the 4th Century B.C. Famous traveller Charles Texier arrived here in the 1850s and carved his name on the entrance to the tomb which is still discernible today. The sarcophagi, which are representative of the elite mastery of the Lycian art and stonework, enhance the attraction of the city. Especially those standing in the courtyard of the Governor's Headquarters, at the Necropolis and opposite the quay are noteworthy.

 

Telmessos Theatre was re-built in Roman style during the 2nd Century on the remains of the Hellenistic one which was demolished by earthquakes. It was planned to seat around 6.000 people. Excavations have been finished  and restotation of the theatrehas been carried out by the Fethiye Archaeological Museum.

  

Citadel is by the necropolis and was built on a hill overlooking the city during the 11th Century. Endeavours are under way by the Fethiye Municipality for the restoration of this building.

 

Fethiye Archaeological Museum has exhibitions valuable works of art from the early Lycian, Persian, Hellenistic, Roman and Bizantion periods. The museum is open for visitors every day. 








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